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Eastern Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus )


Photo © J.M. Kosciw

Photo © René Corado / WFVZ

Photo © René Corado / WFVZ

Adult male

Photo © Jean Kuns

Adult female

Photo © CLO/GBBC

Adult male

Photo © Gerry Dewaghe

Immature male

Photo © WarblerEd Schneider

Adult male

Photo © Birdfreak.com

Adult male

Photo © Greg Bishop

Adult female

Photo © adf6879

Song, calls

© Geoffrey A. Keller

Song

© Wilbur L. Hershberger

Call

© Wilbur L. Hershberger

Males calling in a territorial dispute

© Wilbur L. Hershberger

When To Look

Source: Birds of North America Online

Where To Find It

Habitats

open woodland

shrub

Substrates

ground

Vine or Tangle

What You'll Find

Nest Type

cup

Chick

Altricial

Clutch Size

2
3
5
6

Nest Height

5 ft
0 ft

Nesting Statistics

Incubation Period

12-13
days

Brooding Period

10-12
days

Useful Hints

  • Eastern Towhees usually nest on the ground, the nest cup sunk into the fallen leaves up to the level of the rim.
  • Only the female towhee builds the nest.
  • Eastern Towhees are common victims of the parasitic Brown-headed Cowbird. Towhees, unlike some other birds, show no ability to recognize or remove the imposter’s eggs.