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Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)


Photo © Debbie McKenzie

Photo © René Corado / WFVZ

Photo © René Corado / WFVZ

Male

Photo © Ed Schneider

Female

Photo © maia bird

Male

Photo © Will Sweet

Female

Photo © Will Sweet

Male

Photo © Judy Howle

Immature male

Photo © Jeff Hurd

Juvenile

Photo © Raymond Belhumeur

Juvenile

Photo © Lisa Barker

Songs and call

© Geoffrey A. Keller, Gregory F. Budney, Robert C. Stein

Songs and calls

© Gerrit Vyn

Call

© Wilbur L. Hershberger

Song

© Gregory F. Budney

When To Look

Source: Birds of North America Online

Where To Find It

Habitats

open woodland

shrub

town

Substrates

Live Tree Branch

Bush or Shrub

Vine or Tangle

What You'll Find

Nest Type

cup

Chick

Altricial

Clutch Size

2
5

Nest Height

15 ft
1 ft

Nesting Statistics

Incubation Period

11-13
days

Brooding Period

7-13
days

Useful Hints

  • Only a few female North American songbirds sing, but the female Northern Cardinal does, and often while sitting on the nest.
  • Cardinals usually don’t use their nests more than once.
  • Cardinals do not migrate and often begin the nest-building process as early as late February.