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Spotted Towhee (Pipilo maculatus)


Photo © Maureen Sullivan

Nest with eggs

Photo © Ed Johnson

Adult male

Photo © John Reynolds | Macaulay Library

Female/immature

Photo © Alice Domalik | Macaulay Library

Adult (Olive-backed)

Photo © Andrew Spencer | Macaulay Library

Juvenile

Photo © Robert Hamilton | Macaulay Library

Adult male

Photo © Mark Stephenson | Macaulay Library

Adult male

Photo © Paul Fenwick | Macaulay Library

Song

© Geoffrey A. Keller | Macaulay Library

Song

© Curtis Marantz | Macaulay Library

Song

© Randolph Little | Macaulay Library

Calls

© Geoffrey A. Keller | Macaulay Library

Flight calls

© Nathan Pieplow

Song (Olive-backed)

© Manuel Grosselet | Macaulay Library

Song (Socorro)

© Nuria Meza | Macaulay Library

Calls (Socorro)

© Nuria Meza | Macaulay Library

When To Look

Source: Birds of North America Online

Where To Find It

Habitats

open woodland

shrub

Substrates

ground

What You'll Find

Nest Type

cup

Chick

Altricial

Clutch Size

2
5

Nest Height

5 ft
0 ft

Nesting Statistics

Incubation Period

12-13
days

Brooding Period

10-12
days

Useful Hints

  • Ground nests are built into depressions so that the nest rim is at the soil surface or only slightly above it.
  • They often choose fairly exposed areas over sites deep inside a thicket, but within these areas they find a clump of grass, a log, or the base of a shrub to conceal their nests against.
  • Only the female builds the nest, but both parents care for hatched young.