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American Robin (Turdus migratorius)


Photo © Michele Polimine

American Robin

Photo © Sharon Beals, from the collection of the California Academy of Sciences

fs_robin

Photo © Laura Meyers

Adult

Photo © Dea

Adult male

Photo © Gregg Lee

Adult female

Photo © Nick Saunders

Juvenile

Photo © barnmom42

Adult

Photo © Debbie McKenzie

Adult male

Photo © Born Again Bird Watcher

Adult male

Photo © Eddie Callaway

Adult

Photo © Laura Erickson

Adult female

Photo © Dea

Song and calls

© Geoffrey A. Keller

Dawn song

© Geoffrey A. Keller

Daytime song

© Geoffrey A. Keller

Yeep alarm call and cuck calls

© Geoffrey A. Keller

Song and calls

© Wilbur L. Hershberger

Calls

© Geoffrey A. Keller

Variant yeep call

© Geoffrey A. Keller

Call

© Randolph S. Little

Call

© Michael J. Andersen

When To Look

Source: Birds of North America Online

Where To Find It

Habitats

forest

open woodland

shrub

town

Substrates

ground

Live Tree Branch

Vine or Tangle

In/On Building

What You'll Find

Nest Type

cup

Chick

Altricial

Clutch Size

3
5

Nest Height

25 ft
10 ft

Nesting Statistics

Incubation Period

12-14
days

Brooding Period

13
days

Useful Hints

  • The robin’s nest is an open cup of grass and twigs held together with a thick layer of mud and lined with fine dry grass.
  • Females build the nest from the inside, pressing dead grass and twigs around them into a cup shape using the wrist of one wing.
  • Because the robin forages largely on lawns, it is vulnerable to pesticide poisoning and can be an indicator of chemical pollution.