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Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea )


Photo © Norm Townsend

Indigo Bunting nest

Photo © René Corado

Indigo Bunting eggs

Photo © René Corado

Breeding male

Photo © Andy Johnson

Breeding male

Photo © Norm Townsend

Female

Photo © Kelly Colgan Azar

Breeding male

Photo © Kelly Colgan Azar

Male

Photo © Cleber Ferreira

Male

Photo © Carlos Escamilla

Female

Photo © Cleber Ferreira

Immature male

Photo © Robert Strickland

Spit call

© Wilbur L. Hershberger

Long song

© Wilbur L. Hershberger

Chip and twitter calls

© Hope J. Batcheller

Very long song

© Wilbur L. Hershberger

Female twitter, buzzy flight note, spit call

© Bruce A. Sorrie

Monotonic song

© Robert C. Stein

When To Look

Source: Birds of North America Online

Where To Find It

Habitats

grassland

open woodland

river

shrub

Substrates

Bush or Shrub

What You'll Find

Nest Type

cup

Chick

Altricial

Clutch Size

3
4

Nest Height

3 ft
0 ft

Nesting Statistics

Incubation Period

11-14
days

Brooding Period

8-14
days

Useful Hints

  • The female Indigo Bunting builds the nest alone—a process that takes up to 8 days early in the season and as little as 2 days later in the summer.
  • She locates the nest in a crotch or fork where branches meet, amid a supporting network of vertical and diagonal twigs.
  • The nest cup is about 1.5 inches deep inside, with an outside diameter of 3 inches and an inside diameter of 2 inches.