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Purple Martin (Progne subis )


Photo © Cameron Rognan

Purple Martin nest

Photo © RenĂ© Corado

Purple Martin eggs

Photo © RenĂ© Corado

Adult female and male

Photo © Cameron Rognan

Adult male

Photo © Cameron Rognan

Adult male

Photo © Jim Paris

Adult female

Photo © Stefon Linton

Adult female

Photo © Simon Richards

Adults at breeding colony

Photo © J.M. Kosciw

Adult male

Photo © Malcolm Gold

Male song

© Geoffrey A. Keller

Short calls

© Robert C. Stein

Male jeer song

© Eugene S. Morton

When To Look

Source: Birds of North America Online

Where To Find It

Habitats

desert

lake

town

Substrates

Nestbox or Birdhouse

Dead Tree Cavity

What You'll Find

Nest Type

cavity

Chick

Altricial

Clutch Size

3
4
5
8

Nest Height

40 ft
5 ft

Nesting Statistics

Incubation Period

15-18
days

Brooding Period

28-29
days

Useful Hints

  • The Purple Martin is a colony-nesting species, readily using nest boxes with multiple compartments (more common in the east) or individual hollowed gourds strung close together (more common in the west).
  • Purple Martins compete with House Sparrows and European Starlings for nesting sites. By keeping compartments closed until Purple Martins return to their breeding habitat, you can help reduce this competition.
  • The best place to install a martin house is in an open area near water.